Animal health means more than taking care of the
sick or injured cattle. Professional help is needed not only when things go wrong,
but also make sure that things don't go wrong. Personal care
can go a long way to ensure optimum health. As an old saying puts it: "The eye of the master fattens the calf".
The growing veterinary infrastructure,
50,000 hospitals/dispensaries/first-aid centers and polyclinics
and over 300 disease diagnostic laboratories, have brought about
a sharp decline in animal mortality. It is reflected in the
following data recorded between 1975 and 1996: Haemorrhagic septicaemia
- from 13,914 to 4,380; Black-quarter - from 12,483 to 1,530; Anthrax
- from 1,890 to 836.
In this direction, a wide-ranging program for
systematic control of major cattle diseases of national importance is under implementation,
covering Rinderpest (RP), Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Brucellosis and bovine
tuberculosis. In 1990, a National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE) has been
launched with assistance from the European Community (EC). A network of 24 veterinary
biological units in the public and private sector produce 800 million doses of
vaccines/sera for combating major disease of livestock and poultry.