A rich reservoir of livestock
India possesses best breeds of
in the world. It's is a rich reservoir of genetic diversity in livestock.
Most of the species of farm animals are readily available. Each
species has an unusually large number of genetic
variants. Most of the indigenous
breeds of cattle excel in draught capacity. The native
livestock breeds exhibit a distinct superiority in utilizing poor
quality feed and are adapted to withstand heat and show better resistance
to tropical diseases.
The Government of India, realizing the importance
of animal genetic resources, has established the National Bureau of Animal Genetic
Resources (NBAGR) at Karnal, Haryana, in 1984. The National Institute of Animal
Genetics (NIAG) was also set up in Karnal to provide support to the Bureau. It undertakes
research in genetic characterization which can quantify the unique attributes of each
ET: Giant leap forward in
genetics and breeding
The Embryo Transfer (ET) technology allows the
multiplication of elite livestock breeds at a much faster rate than any other option
available. In combination with other available alternatives, it will have a
significant impact on the productivity of cattle and buffaloes. Although the ET technology
is being introduced for genetic improvement of both cattle and buffaloes, its main thrust
has been on the latter.