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The foundation of Amul catalyzed the development of many courses of study by educational and agricultural research institutes. These developments include ten dairy science colleges, 31 veterinary colleges and over 80 agricultural colleges and research institutions.
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Educational facilities for the Dairy sector..

Over the years, India has built up a strong base for dairy education and research. This network includes 10 dairy science colleges, 31 veterinary colleges and over 80 agricultural colleges and research institutions. These are affiliated to 25 State Agricultural Universities, one university of horticulture and forestry; one veterinary and animal sciences university in Madras and one of fishery and animal sciences in Calcutta. Four of the existing Dairy Science Colleges are to be upgraded to the status of regional colleges to serve as centres of excellence.

In addition, over half dozen research institutions under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in the field of animal sciences which among others work on animal health, dairy production and processing, buffalo, animal genetic resource evaluation and conservation. These institutions provide facilities for certificate/diploma, degree, masters and doctorate level education in animal science and dairy science, with specialization in production, health and processing technology. The premier institution in dairy education and research is the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal (Haryana), which now enjoys the status of a deemed university. This status has also been extended to the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) at Izatnagar in Uttar Pradesh.

The foundation of Amul in 1946 catalyzed the development of dairy industry and gave momentum to human resource development activities. Before the birth of Amul dairy, there was not even a single college offering ‘core’ graduate degree in dairying. The first dairy science college was started at NDRI, Karnal in 1957, offering diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Eight more dairy science colleges were established subsequently and are currently functioning at Anand, Bangalore, Mohanpur, Patna, Raipur, Tirupati, Udaipur and Warud. Besides,

  • A BSc Dairy Science course is offered at the Institute of Dairy Technology, Kamareddy in Andhra Pradesh. The institute also offers a BSc/BTech (DT) course (duration 4 yrs.) with an entrance requirement of 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
  • Admission to postgraduate programs is open to general science graduates also both at NDRI, Karnal, and Dairy Science College, Anand in certain disciplines such as Dairy Chemistry, Dairy Microbiology, Quality Control, etc.
  • The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur has started a Ph.D. program in Dairy Engineering.
  • Many general universities also offer dairy science as a vocational course at the BSc level.
  • Dairying is also included as a vocational course for ten plus two level education.

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The 31 veterinary colleges in the country have an intake capacity of 2,200 graduates and 1,000 post-graduates. Most of them find ready employment, since there is a shortage of manpower in this sector. The postgraduate College of Animal Sciences, Haryana Agricultural University, at Hisar provides facilities for higher education in animal production and management. Complementing these activities is a chain of Central Government cattle breeding farms and regional stations for forage production and demonstration, state government farms, Intensive Cattle Development Projects (ICDPs), Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA), extension centres and over 5,500 veterinary hospitals and 10,000 veterinary dispensaries, polyclinics and AI centres.

To meet the wide-ranging and urgent manpower requirements for the rapidly growing dairy industry, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) set up the Institute of Rural Management (IRMA) at Anand in Gujarat in 1979 for training in management and consultancy in rural development. Earlier, in 1971, NDDB established the Mansinh Institute of Training at Mehsana in Gujarat for middle level manpower, needed for dairy production and processing.

Encouraged by its success, the NDDB set up three other Regional Demonstration & Training Centres (RD&TCs) at Erode, Jalandhar and Siliguri to cover the southern, northern and eastern regions. The training programs cover:

  • Artificial insemination and veterinary first-aid
  • Frozen semen handling
  • Milk procurement and inputs program
  • Inservice training for extension workers
  • Orientation programs for managing primary milk producers cooperatives
  • A farmers induction program
  • Technical training for dairy technicians and quality control workers.
Training in frozen semen technology is imparted at the Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute (GOI), at Hessarghatta near Bangalore. The Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI) at Mysore conducts training courses and disseminates know-how on methods developed for the processing and preservation of dairy products.

The Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation (BAIF) is a private sector institution. It's contribution to the extension, training and research in the field of dairying has been widely recognized. Established in 1967 at Uruli-Kanchan in Pune district, it is committed to providing instruments of gainful self-employment to thousands of rural poor. Converting low-productive rural liabilities into productive assets through its integrated rural development centres in the States of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh.

Many voluntary organizations such as the Action for Food Production (AFPRO) in New Delhi organize short-term training courses in different aspects of dairying - in various parts of the country. Some 130 Intensive Cattle Development Projects (ICDPs) and over 500 Key Village Blocks; under the State Departments of Animal Husbandry; also help to disseminate scientific dairying among rural farmers.

A network of about 20,000 veterinary hospitals/dispensaries and another 20,000 veterinary centres has been established by the State Departments of Animal Husbandry. These are located within 5 kms distance of villages all over the country. They are manned by qualified veterinarians or stockmen. Similarly, for providing artificial insemination service, 34,000 AI centres have been established. Sick animals brought to the hospitals are also treated and provided prophylactic vaccination against endemic diseases.

In the "Academics Institution" section addresses of the agricultural universities, veterinary colleges and institutions in the public, private and cooperative sectors offering graduate and post-graduate courses and training in dairy production and processing , and veterinary sciences are listed. Their address and other details are given in Dairy India 1997. All veterinary colleges also offer extension services, including feed analysis, disease-diagnostic facilities, technical know-how and short-term courses on different aspects of milk production & processing.

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