- Dairy cattle breeding of the finest buffaloes and hybrid cows
- Milk yield increase with recombinant somatotropin
- Recombinant chymosin, acceptable to vegetarian consumers
- Dairy cultures, probiotics, dairy biologics, enzymes and coloring
materials for food processing
- Fermentation derived foods and industrial products alcohol, citric acid,
lysine, flavor preparations, etc.
- Biopreservative ingredients based on dairy fermentation, viz., Nisin,
pediococcin, acidophilin, bulgarican contained in dairy powders.
Dairy/food processing equipment:
Potential exists for manufacturing and marketing of cost competitive
food processing machinery of world-class quality.
Opportunities lie in the manufacturing of both machinery and
packaging materials that help develop brand loyalty and a clear edge in the marketing of
For refrigerated and frozen food distribution, a world class cold chain
would help in providing quality assurance to the consumers around the region.
There is scope for standardizing and upgrading food retailing in major
metropolitan cities to meet the shopping needs of a vast middle class. This area includes
grocery stores of European and North American quality, warehousing and distribution.
- Dairy foods can be manufactured and packaged for export to countries
where Indian food enjoys basic acceptance. The manufacturing may be carried out in
contract plants in India. An option to market the products in collaboration with local
establishments or entrepreneurs can also be explored. Products exhibiting potential
include typical indigenous dairy foods either not available in foreign countries or
products whose authenticity may be questionable. Gulabjamuns, Burfi, Peda, Rasagollas, and
a host of other Indian sweets have good business prospects.
- Products typically foreign to India but indigenous to other countries
could also be developed for export. Such products can be manufactured in retail package
sizes and could be produced from milk of sheep, goats and camel. Certain products are
characteristically produced from milk of a particular species. For example, Feta cheese is
used in significant tonnage, in Iran. Sheep milk is traditionally used for authentic Feta
cheese. Accordingly, India's goat and sheep herds can be utilized for the manufacture of
such authentic products.
Export markets for commodities like dry milk, condensed milk, ghee and
certain cheese varieties are well established. These items are utilized as ingredients in
foreign countries. These markets can be expanded to include value-added ingredients like
aseptically packaged cheese sauce and dehydrated cheese powders.
- Cheese sauce: Canned cheese sauce is made from real
cheese to which milk, whey, modified food starch, vegetable oil, colorings and spices may
be added. Cheese sauce is useful in kitchens for the preparation of omelet, sandwiches,
entrees, and soups. In addition, cheese sauce is used as a topping on potatoes and
vegetables and may be incorporated in pasta dishes.
- Cheese powders: Cheese powders are formulated for
dusting or smearing of popular snacks like potato chips, crackers, etc. They impart flavor
and may be blended with spices.
With the globalization of food items, an opportunity should open up for
food service and institutional markets.
These plants would fulfil an essential need by providing a centralized
and specialized facility for hire by the units which cannot justify capital investment but
do need such services. Potential areas for state-of-the-art contract-pack units may
conceivably specialize in cheese slicing, or dicing line, cheese packaging, butter
printing, and aseptic packaged fluid products.
Training centers for continuing
NRIs could set up technology transfer and updating centers for
conducting seminars and workshops - catering to the needs of workers at all levels of the
dairy industry. Here technical, marketing and management topics can be offered to ensure
that the manpower continues to acquire the latest know-how of their respective fields.
The entrepreneurs need powerful tools to implement their plans.
Appropriate investment and involvement by NRIs can serve as a catalyst for India's dairy
food industry leading to exploration of business potential in domestic and export trade.
Risk factors must be identified and managed by in-depth study of chosen areas so that
chances of rewards are maximized under the current liberalization climate.